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Mohammad Taghi Ghorbanian

Assistant Professor of Anatomical Sciences

Selected Publications

Davoudi, M., Zavareh, S., Ghorbanian, M.T., Paylakhi, S.H., Mohebbi, S.R. The effect of steroid hormones on the mRNA expression of oct4 and sox2 in uterine tissue of the ovariectomized mice model of menopause (2016) International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, 14 (7), pp. 471-476.

Background: The uterus is a dynamic tissue responding to hormonal changes during reproductive cycles. As such, uterine stem cells have been studied in recent years. Transcription factors oct4 and sox2 are critical for effective maintenance of pluripotent cell identity. Objective: The present research evaluated the mRNA expression of oct4 and sox2 in the uterine tissues of ovariectomized mice treated with steroid hormones. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, adult virgin female mice were ovariectomized and treated with estradiol 17β (E2), progesterone (P4), and a combination of E2 and P4 (E2 & P4) for 5 days. Uterine tissues were removed, and immunofluorescent (IF) staining and quantitative real-time PCR of oct4 and sox2 markers were performed. Results: IF showed oct4 and sox2 expression in the uterine endometrium and myometrium among all groups. The mRNA expression of oct4 (p=0.022) and sox2 (p=0.042) in the E2-treated group significantly were decreased compared to that in the control group. By contrast, the mRNA expression of oct4 and sox2 in the P4 (p=0.641 and 0.489 respectively) and E2 & P4-treated groups (p=0.267 and 0.264 respectively) did not show significant differences compared to the control group. Conclusion: The results indicate ovarian steroid hormones change the expression of oct4 and sox2 in the mice uterine tissues, which suggest the involvement of steroid hormonal regulation in uterine stem cells. © 2016, Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity. All rights reserved.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Estradiol; Mice; Progesterone; Stem cells; Uterine
INDEX KEYWORDS: estradiol; messenger RNA; octamer transcription factor 4; progesterone; steroid hormone; transcription factor Sox2, animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; Article; controlled study; gene sequence; immunofluorescence; menopause; mouse; nonhuman; ovariectomy; protein expression; real time polymerase chain reaction; reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; RNA extraction; sampling; signal transduction; uterine tissue
PUBLISHER: Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity

Mahaldashtian, M., Naghdi, M., Ghorbanian, M.T., Makoolati, Z., Movahedin, M., Mohamadi, S.M. In vitro effects of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pollen on colonization of neonate mouse spermatogonial stem cells (2016) Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 186, pp. 362-368.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.04.013

Ethnopharmacological relevance Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pollen (DPP) is widely used as a folk remedy for male infertility treatment, and has well known medicinal effects. Aim of the study This study aimed to determine the in vitro effects of DPP on the efficiency of neonate mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) proliferation. Material and Methods Sertoli and SSCs were isolated from 6 to 10-days-old mouse testes, and their identity was confirmed using immunocytochemistry against cytokeratin for sertoli cells and PLZF, Oct-4 and CDH-1 for SSCs. Isolated testicular cells were cultured in the absence or presence of 0.06, 0.25 and 0.62 mg/ml concentrations of DPP aqueous extract for 2 weeks. The number and diameter of SSC colonies were assessed during third, 7th, 9th and 14th day of culture, and the expression of the Mvh, GFRα-1 and Oct-4 was evaluated using quantitative PCR at the end of the culture period. The significance of the data was analyzed using ANOVA and paired samples t-test and Tukey and Bonferroni test as post hoc tests at the level of p≤0.05. Results Pattern assay of colony formation showed that SSCs numbers increased in the present of 0.62 mg/ml concentration of DPP extract with higher slop relative to other groups (P <0.05). Colony diameters had no significant difference between groups in 3th, 7th, 9th and 14th days after culture. The Mvh and Oct-4 genes expression had no significant difference between groups, while GFRα1 expression was increased significantly in cells treated with 0.06 mg/ml concentration relative to other groups (P<0.05). Conclusion It seems that co-culture of SSCs with sertoli sells in the presence of low doses of DPP can increase SSCs proliferation and keep their stemness state, while higher concentrations can differentiate the treated cells. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Co-culture; Colonization; Date palm pollen; Sertoli cell; Spermatogonial stem cell
INDEX KEYWORDS: cytokeratin; octamer transcription factor 4; Ddx4 protein, mouse; DEAD box protein; fizzy related protein; Fzr1 protein, mouse; Gfra1 protein, mouse; glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor receptor; octamer transcription factor 4; plant extract; Pou5f1 protein, mouse, animal cell; Article; coculture; colony formation; concentration (parameters); controlled study; date (fruit); gene expression; immunocytochemistry; in vitro study; male; mouse; newborn; nonhuman; pollen; polymerase chain reaction; protein expression; quantitative analysis; Sertoli cell; spermatogonial stem cell; spermatogonium; stem cell; animal; cell culture; cell proliferation; chemistry; cytology; drug effects; genetics; metabolism; Phoenix (plant); pollen; spermatogonium; stem cell, Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cdh1 Proteins; Cell Proliferation; Cells, Cultured; Coculture Techniques; DEAD-box RNA Helicases; Gene Expression; Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Receptors; Male; Mice; Octamer Transcription Factor-3; Phoeniceae; Plant Extracts; Pollen; Sertoli Cells; Spermatogonia; Stem Cells
PUBLISHER: Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Asadzadeh, R., Khosravi, S., Zavareh, S., Ghorbanian, M.T., Paylakhi, S.H., Mohebbi, S.R. Vitrification affects the expression of matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors of mouse ovarian tissue (2016) International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, 14 (3), pp. 173-180.

Background: One of the most major obstacles of ovarian tissue vitrification is suboptimal developmental competence of follicles. Matrix metalloproteinases 2 (MMP-2) and 9 (MMP-9) and their tissue inhibitors TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 are involved in the remodeling of the extracellular matrix in the ovaries. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 genes in the preantral follicles derived from vitrified mouse ovaries. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the gene expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 in the isolated preantral follicles derived from fresh and vitrified ovaries of 14-16 days old female mice through real time qRT-PCR was evaluated. Developmental parameters, including survival rate, growth, antrum formation and metaphase II oocytes were also analyzed. Results: The developmental parameters of fresh preantral follicles were significantly higher than vitrified preantral follicles. The TIMP-1 and MMP-9 expression levels showed no differences between fresh and vitrified preantral follicles (p=0.22, p=0.11 respectively). By contrast, TIMP-2 expression significantly decreased (p=0.00) and MMP-2 expression increased significantly (p=0.00) in vitrified preantral follicles compared with to fresh ones. Conclusion: Changes in expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 after ovarian tissues vitrification is partially correlated with decrease in follicle development. © 2016, Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity. All rights Reserved.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Matrix metalloproteinases; Mouse; Pre antral follicles; Vitrification
INDEX KEYWORDS: gelatinase A; gelatinase B; tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1; tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2, animal tissue; Article; female; gene expression; growth; metaphase; mouse; nonhuman; ovarian tissue; ovary follicle development; reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; survival rate; vitrification
PUBLISHER: Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity

Mahaldashtian, M., Makoolati, Z., Ghorbanian, M.T., Naghdi, M., Kouhpayeh, S.A. In vitro cytotoxicity effects of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pollen on neonate mouse spermatogonial stem cells (2015) Natural Product Research, 29 (6), pp. 578-581.

DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2014.954115

There is a fast growing tendency in the use of herbal remedies in developing countries. One of the traditional medicines used for male infertility treatment is date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) pollen (DPP). Isolated spermatogonial stem cells and sertoli cells using enzymatic digestion were grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 4% foetal bovine serum in the absence or presence of 0.06, 0.25 and 0.62 mg/mL concentrations of aqueous extract of DPP for 2 weeks. The assessment of mean number of the whole cells and the living cells showed that there were no significant differences between the mean viability percentage and proliferation rate between control and experimental groups (P>0.05). As there are no cytotoxicity effects of DPP in our cultural system, this system can be utilised for the enrichment or differentiation of these cells in clinical applications, cell replacement therapy, tissue regeneration and tissue engineering applications. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: date palm pollen; proliferation; spermatogonial stem cell; viability
INDEX KEYWORDS: fertility promoting agent; Phoenix dactylifera extract; plant extract; reactive oxygen metabolite; unclassified drug; plant extract, animal cell; apoptosis; aqueous solution; Article; cell count; cell proliferation; cell survival; cell suspension; cell viability; controlled study; date (fruit); drug cytotoxicity; in vitro study; male; mouse; newborn; nonhuman; Sertoli cell; spermatogonium; stem cell; survival rate; tissue engineering; tissue regeneration; animal; cell proliferation; chemistry; cytology; drug effects; Phoenix (plant); pollen; spermatogonium; testis, Animals; Cell Proliferation; Male; Mice; Phoeniceae; Plant Extracts; Pollen; Sertoli Cells; Spermatogonia; Testis
PUBLISHER: Taylor and Francis Ltd.

Hatami, S., Zavareh, S., Salehnia, M., Lashkarbolouki, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Karimi, I. Total oxidative status of mouse vitrified pre-antral follicles with pre-treatment of alpha lipoic acid (2014) Iranian biomedical journal, 18 (3), pp. 181-188.

BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of pre-antral follicles is a hopeful technique to preserve female fertility. The aim of the present study was to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels of mouse vitrified pre-antral follicles in the presence of alpha lipoic acid (ALA).
METHODS: Isolated pre-antral follicles (140-150 µm in diameter) were divided into vitrified-warmed and fresh groups. Each group was subjected to in vitro maturation with or without ALA for 12 days, followed by adding human chronic gonadotropin to induce ovulation. In vitro fertilization was performed to evaluate their developmental competence. In parallel, the amount of ROS and TAC were assessed after 0, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h of culture by 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin assay and ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay, respectively.
RESULTS: The respective rates of survival, antrum formation, and metaphase II oocytes were significantly higher in ALA-supplemented groups compared to the groups not treated with ALA. TAC and ROS levels were significantly decreased and increased, respectively during the culture period up to 96 h in the absence of ALA in both vitrified and non-vitrified samples. However, with pretreatment of ALA, TAC levels were increased significantly and remained constant up to 96 h in vitrified-warmed pre-antral follicles, while ROS levels completely returned to the level of starting point after 96 h of culture in the presence of ALA.
CONCLUSION: Pretreatment of ALA positively influences development of pre-antral follicles in vitrified and non-vitrified samples through increasing follicular TAC level and decreasing ROS levels.

INDEX KEYWORDS: antioxidant; reactive oxygen metabolite; thioctic acid, animal; cell culture; cell differentiation; drug effects; female; human; metabolism; mouse; oocyte; ovary follicle; oxidation reduction reaction; vitrification, Animals; Antioxidants; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Female; Humans; Mice; Oocytes; Ovarian Follicle; Oxidation-Reduction; Reactive Oxygen Species; Thioctic Acid; Vitrification

Nikoozad, Z., Ghorbanian, M.T., Rezaei, A. Comparison of the liver function and hepatic specific genes expression in cultured mesenchymal stem cells and hepatocytes (2014) Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 17 (1), pp. 27-33.

Objective(s): Stem cell therapy is believed to be as a promising treatment strategy for tissue repair and regeneration. The plasticity specification of the adult stem cells, such as MSCs, has enabled that these cells to be used in the treatment of a broad spectrum of diseases like liver disorders. In this study, the production of urea and Albumin (Alb), glycogen storage, and expression of some liver genes including α-fetoprotein (AFP), Alb, cytokeratin18 (CK18) and cytokeratin19 (CK19) was compared between mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and isolated rat hepatocytes. Materials and Methods: The MSCs were isolated from rat femurs and tibias and cultured in α-MEM, DMEM and RPMI mediums supplemented with serum. Hepatocytes were isolated from Rat livers and cultured in DMEM with serum. The expression of AFP, Alb, CK18, and CK19 genes was evaluated using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Furthermore, the synthesis of albumin and urea of the cells was measured. Results: In vitro conditions, MSCs and hepatocytes exhibited the characteristic functions of the liver such as capacity to synthesize Alb, urea, the storage of glycogen. In this study, the expression of some liver genes such as AFP, Alb, CK18 and CK19 at mRNA levels was also shown. Conclusion: The results showed that MSCs exhibited some liver functions, and may be considered as an alternative source for adult stem cell transplantation in liver repair due to the excellent proliferation and differentiation capacities.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Albumin; Glycogen; Hepatocytes; Liver genes; Mesenchymal stem cells
INDEX KEYWORDS: albumin; alpha fetoprotein; cytokeratin 18; cytokeratin 19; glycogen, animal tissue; article; cell density; chemical analysis; controlled study; electrophoresis; gene expression; immunocytochemistry; liver cell; liver function; male; mesenchymal stem cell; MTT assay; nonhuman; rat; reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

Mirzaeiyan, L., Ghorbanian, M.-T., Lashkarbolouki, T., Haji-Ghasem-Kashani, M., Dehghan, R. Examination of antioxidant enzymes andmatrix metalloproteinases in conditional medium of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and adipose-derived stem cells in vitro (2014) Koomesh, 15 (3), pp. 350-358.

Introduction: Mesenchymal stem sells (MSCs) have an important role in cell therapy due to those high proliferation, differentiation and cell regeneration capacity. Advent signs of Replicative Cellular Senescence (R.C.S) in culture condition are one of the problems in stem cells culture pathway before treatment. R.C.S is associated with reducing the capacity of antioxidant enzymes and matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) proteins changes. The aim of this study was to areinvestigate and compare the production capacity of antioxidant superoxiddismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) enzymes and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2) in conditional medium of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Materials and Methods: BMSCs and ADSCs were respectively isolated from the tibia and femur bones and subcutaneous adipose tissues. These cells were cultured for alternative 7 passages in α-MEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. Evaluation of antioxidant and MMP activity in the conditional medium without serum was respectively assayed by enzymatic assay and zymography. Results: Two types of cells studied almost identical have most activity in the expression of SOD and GPx, respectively, in 5 and 4-6 passages. Also, demonstrated MMP activity is highest in the fourth passage. On the other hand, in these cells, membrane health reported with measurement of MDA and LDH. Conclusion: Adipose tissue has a population of stem cells with high capacity of antioxidant. Also, BMSCs and ADSCs are at highest level of antioxidant and MMP expression capacity in 4-6 passages.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Antioxidant enzymes; Matrix metalloproteinases; Mesenchymal stem cells; Replicative Cellular Senescence
INDEX KEYWORDS: glutathione peroxidase; matrix metalloproteinase; superoxide dismutase; antioxidant; glutathione peroxidase; superoxide dismutase, adipose derived stem cell; animal cell; antioxidant activity; article; cell culture; cell therapy; controlled study; enzymatic assay; hematopoietic stem cell; mesenchymal stem cell; nonhuman; protein expression; rat; replicative cellular senescence; zymography; hematopoietic stem cell
PUBLISHER: Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Hashemi Rad, S.N., Haji Ghasem Kashani, M., Ababzadeh, S., Ghorbanian, M.T. The effect of intravenous transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells on hippocampal neurogenesis after 6-hydroxydopamine induced injury (2014) Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, 19 (3), pp. 36-51.

Background and Aim: Released dopamine from dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta affects dentate gyrus (DG) neurogenesis in the hippocampus (HPC). Damage to dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) causes decreased neurogenesis in DG which results in memory impairment.
Materials and Methods: This was an experimental laboratory study. We assessed the effect of intravenous transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on hippocampal neurogenesis after inducing injury by 6-OHDA (memory disability model of PD).We performed bilateral injections of 6-OHDA into substantia nigra (SNc) of male Wistar rats. First group of the rats received bilateral injections of 6-OHDA (6 µg) dissolved in 2µl saline. Second group received saline injections instead of neurotoxin (sham group). In the third group we transplanted the 3rd passage of ADSC cells which had been assessed for CD90 immunostaining (1×106 in 500 μl medium), via tail vein. The 4th group included injured rats which received an injection of the fluid of the culture media (500 µl) through tail vein. After treatment, rats were sacrificed. The brains of the rats were removed, fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, dehydrated, embedded in paraffin and cut into 10μm thick slices. We stained the sections with cresyl violet and determined the density of neurons in DG, CA1, CA3.
Result: Statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test. P≤ 0 .05 was considered significant. Neuron density in DG, CA1, CA3 showed significant decrease in the injured and medium treated groups compared to the sham group (P<0.00). All so we found a significant increase in neuron density in these regions in the cell group in comparison to the medium treated and injured groups (p<0.000).
Conclusion: Intravenous injection of ADSCs protected hippocampal neurons from further damage in response to 6-OHDA.Therfore cell therapy can be a suitable method for the improvement of memory impairment in the patients with Parkinson's disease. © 2014, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Adipose-derived stem cells; Hippocampus; Memory; Neurogenesis; Parkinson's disease
INDEX KEYWORDS: oxidopamine; Thy 1 antigen, adipose derived stem cell; animal model; animal tissue; Article; cell density; controlled study; dentate gyrus; hippocampal CA1 region; hippocampal CA3 region; hippocampus; immunohistochemistry; male; memory disorder; nerve injury; nervous system development; nonhuman; Parkinson disease; stem cell transplantation; substantia nigra
PUBLISHER: Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Alijan-Pour, J., Abrari, K., Lashkar Bluki, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Goudarzi, I., Elahdadi Salmani, M., Mirshekar, M. Erratum: Acute ethanol administration affects memory reactivation: A look at the neuronal density and apoptosis in the rat hippocampus (Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior (2012) 102:2 (321 - 328)) (2014) Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 125, p. 85.

DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2014.05.020
INDEX KEYWORDS: Erratum; retracted article
PUBLISHER: Elsevier Inc.

Tamadoni, M., GhasemKashani, M.H., Ghorbanian, M.T., Abrari, K., Arashpour, R. Neuroprotective effects of carnosic acid on the hippocampus of 6-hydroxydopamine injured rats (2014) Koomesh, 15 (2), pp. 232-241.

Introduction: The reduction of dopamine level caused by neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD) may reduce the production of new neurons in dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus. In addition, there is a direct link between the reduction of neurons in the hippocampus and memory impairment. In this study, the effect of carnosic acid (CA) on the hippocampal neurogenesis was evaluated after 6-OHDA injury. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups. First group was injected by bilateral intra-nigral of 6-OHDA at a dose of 6μg (injury). Groups 2-5 were injured rats which received orally Rosemary extract containing 40% CA at doses of 25, 50 and100 mg/kg (treated) and distilled water (control), once daily in a period of 14 days before and after injury. The sixth group (sham) was injected with saline instead of neurotoxin. After treatment, the brains were removed and fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, dehydrated, embedded in paraffin and cut into 10μm thick slices. Sections were stained with cresyl fast violet and cell counting of hippocampal regions was done.The loss of dopaminergic neurons in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats, compared to sham-operated rats, was verified by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry. Results: Immunostaining analysis revealed a high density of TH+ cells in sham compared to injured group. The number of DG granular and CA1 pyramidal cells were decreased significantly in both control and injured groups compared to sham (P<0.05). The number of granular and CA1pyramidal cells were increased significantly in CA (25, 50,100) and CA (50,100) treated groups respectively, compared to control and injured rats (P<0.05). The number of CA3 pyramidal cells was not increased significantly in treated groups compared to control and injured rats. Conclusion: CA plays an important role in protecting hippocampal neurons from further damage in response to 6-OHDA. Then it is the effective herbal drug with treatment potential to improve memory impairment in PD which caused by neurons degeneration in the hippocampus.


AUTHOR KEYWORDS: 6-Hydroxydopamine; Carnosic acid; Dopamine; Hippocampus; Neuroprotective
INDEX KEYWORDS: carnosic acid; oxidopamine; Rosmarinus officinalis extract, animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; article; brain injury; controlled study; hippocampal CA1 region; immunohistochemistry; male; memory disorder; nervous system development; neuroprotection; nonhuman; pyramidal nerve cell; rat
PUBLISHER: Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Hatami, S., Zavareh, S., Salehnia, M., Lashkarbolouki, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Karimi, I. The impact of alpha lipoic acid on developmental competence of mouse vitrified pre-antral follicles in comparison to those isolated from vitrified ovaries (2014) Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 12 (1), pp. 57-64.

Background: Cryopreservation of ovarian tissues and pre-antral follicles is a promising prospect for preservation of women fertility. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro developmental competence of mouse vitrified pre-antral follicles in comparison to isolated pre-antral follicles derived from vitrified ovaries in the presence of alpha lipoic acid (ALA). Materials and Methods: Pre-antral follicles derived from fresh, vitrified-warmed ovarian tissues and vitrified–warmed pre-antral follicles were cultured individually with or without ALA, followed by adding hCG to induce ovulation. The follicle growth, oocyte maturation, and embryo development were assessed. Results: The diameter and development of follicles, oocyte maturation and embryo development rates were significantly higher in ALA supplemented groups compared to the respective ALA-free conditions groups. Aforementioned parameters were significantly higher in vitrified-warmed follicles in comparison to follicles derived from vitrified-warmed ovaries. Conclusion: These findings support a superior performance of pre-antral follicles when vitrified rather than when isolated from vitrified ovaries with regard to increasing the rates of developmental parameters. Moreover, ALA improves the in vitro maturation of pre-antral follicles in vitrified and non-vitrified samples. © 2014, Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity. All rights reserved.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Alpha lipoic acid; Ovary; Preantral follicles; Vitrification
INDEX KEYWORDS: chorionic gonadotropin; thioctic acid, animal cell; animal tissue; Article; controlled study; embryo; embryo development; female; fertilization in vitro; in vitro study; intermethod comparison; male; mouse; nonhuman; oocyte maturation; ovary follicle; ovary follicle development; ovulation; preantral follicle; tissue culture; vitrification
PUBLISHER: Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity

Hatami, S., Zavareh, S., Salehnia, M., Lashkarbolouki, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Karimi, I. Total oxidative status of mouse vitrified pre-antral follicles with pre-treatment of alpha lipoic acid (2014) Iranian Biomedical Journal, 18 (3), pp. 180-187.

DOI: 10.6091/ibj.1258.2014

Background: Cryopreservation of pre-antral follicles is a hopeful technique to preserve female fertility. The aim of the present study was to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels of mouse vitrified pre-antral follicles in the presence of alpha lipoic acid (ALA). Methods: Isolated pre-antral follicles (140-150 μm in diameter) were divided into vitrified-warmed and fresh groups. Each group was subjected to in vitro maturation with or without ALA for 12 days, followed by adding human chronic gonadotropin to induce ovulation. In vitro fertilization was performed to evaluate their developmental competence. In parallel, the amount of ROS and TAC were assessed after 0, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h of culture by 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin assay and ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay, respectively. Results: The respective rates of survival, antrum formation, and metaphase II oocytes were significantly higher in ALA-supplemented groups compared to the groups not treated with ALA. TAC and ROS levels were significantly decreased and increased, respectively during the culture period up to 96 h in the absence of ALA in both vitrified and non-vitrified samples. However, with pretreatment of ALA, TAC levels were increased significantly and remained constant up to 96 h in vitrified-warmed pre-antral follicles, while ROS levels completely returned to the level of starting point after 96 h of culture in the presence of ALA. Conclusion: Pretreatment of ALA positively influences development of pre-antral follicles in vitrified and nonvitrified samples through increasing follicular TAC level and decreasing ROS levels.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Alpha lipoic acid (ALA); Pre-antral follicle; Reactive oxygen species (ROS); Total antioxidant capacity (TAC); Vitrification
INDEX KEYWORDS: chorionic gonadotropin; dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate; reactive oxygen metabolite; thioctic acid, animal cell; antioxidant activity; antioxidant assay; article; blastocyte; cell culture; cell isolation; cell maturation; cell structure; cell survival; controlled study; enzyme assay; female; fertilization in vitro; in vitro study; metaphase; nonhuman; oocyte development; ovary follicle cell; ovulation; ovulation induction; oxidation; rat; vitrification
PUBLISHER: Pasteur Institute of Iran

Rahnama, A., Zavareh, S., Ghorbanian, M.T., Karimi, I. The effects of cAMP-elevating agents and alpha lipoic acid on in vitro maturation of mouse germinal vesicle oocytes (2013) Journal of Reproduction and Infertility, 14 (4), pp. 173-183.

Background: In spite of extensive efforts to improve in vitro oocyte maturation, the obtained results are not very efficient. This study was conducted to assess impacts of cAMP elevating agents and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) on in vitro oocyte maturation and fertilization. Methods: Mouse germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes were categorized into cumulus denuded oocytes (DOs; n=896) and cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs; n=1077) groups. GV oocytes were matured in vitro with or without ALA; (I) without the meiotic inhibitors; (II) supplemented with cilostamide; (III) supplemented with forskolin and (IV) supplemented with Forskolin plus cilostamide. The obtained metaphase II (MII) oocytes were subjected to in vitro fertilization. Independent-samples t-testand ANOVA were used for data analysis. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The COCs maturation, fertilization and two cell embryo rates were higher than those of DOs in the control group, while no significant difference was observed between relevant COCs and DOs when they were cultured with cilostamide meiotic inhibitors in two step manner. Combined treatment of cilostamide and forskolin significantly elevated the developmental rates in both COCs and DOs as compared to other groups. The developmental rates of COCs and DOs in the presence of ALA were similar to their respective groups without ALA. Conclusion: cAMP elevating agents were more effective on DOs than COCs with regard to rates of maturation and fertilization. However, ALA did not affect the developmental rates of both COCs and DOs in in vitro maturation in one or two step manner.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: ALA; cAMP-elevating agents; Cumulus cell; In vitro maturation; Mouse; Oocyte
INDEX KEYWORDS: cilostamide; cyclic AMP; forskolin; thioctic acid, animal cell; animal experiment; article; controlled study; cumulus cell; drug effect; embryo; embryo culture; female; germinal vesicle; in vitro oocyte maturation; male; mouse; nonhuman; oocyte maturation; spermatozoon; spermatozoon density

Kashani, M.H.G., Ghorbanian, M.T., Hosseinpour, L. Transplantation of deprenyl-induced tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells improves 6-OHDA-lesion rat model of Parkinson's disease: Behavioral and immunohistochemical evaluation (2013) Cell Journal, 15 (1), pp. 55-64.

Objective: There is longstanding experimental and clinical evidence that supports the idea that replacement of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons can ameliorate functional disabilities of Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of the present study is to examine the efficacy of transplantation of rat bone marrow stromal cell (BMSCs)-derived tyrosine hydroxylase-positive (TH +) cells induced by deprenyl into 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat models, using behavioral tests and immunohistochemical evaluations. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, undifferentiated BrdU-labeled BMSCs were incubated in serum-free medium that contained 10-8 M deprenyl for 24 hours. Afterwards, BMSCs were cultured for 48 hours in α-minimal essential medium (α-MEM) supplemented with 10% FBS, then differentiated into TH+ neurons. We randomly divided 24 hemiparkinsonian rats as follows: group 1 (control) received only medium, while groups 2 and 3 were injected with 2×105 BMSCs and deprenyl-treated cells in 4 μl medium. Injections were made into the injured strata of the rats. Rotational behavior in response to apomorphine was tested before transplantation and at 2, 4, and 6 weeks post-graft. Animals were then sacrificed, and the brains were extracted for immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies. Results: Apomorphine-induced rotation analysis indicated that animals with grafted cells in groups 2 and 3 exhibited significantly less rotational behavior than those in the control group at 2, 4, and 6 weeks after transplantation. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that BrdU-labeled cells expressed specific neuronal markers, such as NF 200 and TH, at the implantation site. The presence of TH+ cells in conjunction with the reduction in rotation might show the capacity of grafted cells to release dopamine. Ultrastructural analysis revealed the presence of immature neurons and astrocyte-like cells at the graft site. Conclusion: TH+ neurons induced by deprenyl can be considered as a cell source for PD autograft therapy.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: 6-Hydroxydopamine; Bone Marrow Stromal Cells; Cell Therapy; Deprenyl; Parkinson's Disease
INDEX KEYWORDS: apomorphine; broxuridine; oxidopamine; selegiline; tyrosine 3 monooxygenase, animal behavior; animal cell; animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; article; bone marrow cell; cell differentiation; cell labeling; cell transplantation; cell ultrastructure; circling behavior; controlled study; culture medium; electron microscopy; experimental study; immunohistochemistry; incubation time; male; nonhuman; nucleotide sequence; Parkinson disease; rat; stroma cell

Taghi, G.M., Maryam, H.G.K., Taghi, L., Leili, H., Leyla, M. Characterization of in vitro cultured bone marrow and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells and their ability to express neurotrophic factors (2012) Cell Biology International, 36 (12), pp. 1239-1249.

DOI: 10.1042/CBI20110618

MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) have attracted attention as a promising tool for regenerative medicine and transplantation therapy. MSCs exert neuroprotective effects by secreting a number of factors in vitro and in vivo. Similar characteristics are found in ADSCs (adipose-derived stem cells) and BMSCs (bone marrow stromal cells). Multipotent capability, easy accessibility and rapid proliferation of ADSCs have been established. Our main objective was to compare cell viability, growth rate, expression of neurotrophic factors and nestin genes in ADSCs and BMSCs. Cell doubling time and proliferation rate indicate that ADSCs has a higher proliferation rate than BMSCs. ADSCs and BMSCs express a similar pattern of CD71 and CD90 markers. Nestin immunostaining showed that ADSCs and BMSCs are immunopositive. The expression of neurotrophic factors genes in ADSCs proved similar to that of BMSCs genes. Thus adipose tissue stem cells with a high proliferation rate can express nestin and neurotrophic factor genes. Therefore ADSCs may be useful in future cell replacement therapies and help improve neurodegenerative diseases. © The Author(s) Journal compilation. © 2012 International Federation for Cell Biology.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: ADSC; BMSC; Gene expression; Growth curve; Neurotrophic factors
INDEX KEYWORDS: biological marker; CD71 antigen; ciliary neurotrophic factor; glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor; nestin; neurotrophic factor; Thy 1 antigen, adipose tissue; animal cell; animal tissue; article; beta2M gene; bone marrow; cell assay; cell function; cell population; cell proliferation; cell viability; cellular distribution; CNTF gene; controlled study; DNA sequence; GDNF gene; gene; gene expression; immunocytochemistry; immunohistochemistry; in vitro study; male; mesenchymal stem cell; nestin gene; neurotrophic factor gene; NGF gene; nonhuman; NT3 gene; NT5 gene; nucleotide sequence; rat; reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; structure analysis, Adipose Tissue; Animals; Bone Marrow Cells; Cell Proliferation; Cell Survival; Cells, Cultured; Gene Expression Regulation; Male; Mesenchymal Stromal Cells; Nerve Growth Factors; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Stromal Cells

Moradi, F., Kashani, M.H.G., Ghorbanian, M.T., Lashkarbolouki, T. Spontaneous expression of neurotrophic factors and TH, Nurr1, nestin genes in long-term culture of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (2012) Cell Journal, 13 (4), pp. 243-250.

Objective: It has been reported that rat bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) can be spontaneously differentiated into neural-like cells without any supplemental growth factors and/or chemical treatment after long-term culture.This study aims to determineWhether, growth factors secreted by MSCs could induce self-differentiation into neural-like cells in a long-term culture. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of two groups: i. rat BMSCs (passage 5) were cultured in alfa- minimal essential medium (α-MEM) and 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) without the addition of inducer and exchanging medium for three weeks, as the experimental group and ii.rat BMSCs (passage 5) as the control group. Each group was analysed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to evaluate the expressions of neurotrophic factors and neural marker genes. Statistical analyses were carried out using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's multiple comparison with SPSS software (version 16). P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The experimental group (fifth passage of BMSCs) obtained from adult rats spontaneously differentiated into neural precursor cells after long-term culture. Cultured cells expressed tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), Nurr1 and nestin genes. Furthermore, some growing cells in suspension became neurosphere-like. Self-differentiated rat MSCs (SDrMSCs) expressed significantly higher levels of NGF (0.96 ± 0.16), nestin (0.63 ± 0.08), and Nurr1 (0.80 ± 0.10) genes (p<0.05). Conclusion: In this study, we reported that rMSCs in long-term culture underwent spontaneous transformation to neural precursors without the supplement of growth factors and specific chemicals. Cells expressed neural markers such as: TH, Nurr1, and nestin genes.


AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Bone marrow; Long-term culture; Mesenchymal stem cells; Neurotrophic factors; Spontaneous differentiation
INDEX KEYWORDS: cell nucleus receptor; nestin; neurotrophic factor; tyrosine 3 monooxygenase, analysis of variance; animal cell; article; cell culture; controlled study; hematopoietic stem cell; marker gene; mesenchymal stem cell; nonhuman; protein expression; rat; reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; statistical analysis; stem cell

Alijan-pour, J., Abrari, K., Bluki, T.L., Ghorbanian, M.T., Goudarzi, I., Salmani, M.E. Ethanol disrupts reactivated contextual conditioned fear memory: Behavioral and histological perspectives (2012) Cell Journal, 13 (4), pp. 265-274.

Objective: This research study is an attempt to examine whether the administration of ethanol after memory reactivation would modulate subsequent expression of memory in rats. Additionally, we examined whether this administration alters the density of Cornu Ammonis (CA)1 and CA3 pyramidal and dentate gyrus (DG) granule cells. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, adult male Wistar rats (200-300 g) were trained in a fear conditioning system using two 1 second, 0.6 mA shocks with an interval of 180 seconds. Twenty four hours later rats were returned to the chamber for 120 seconds. Immediately after reactivation they were injected with ethanol (0.5, 1, 1.5 mg/kg) or saline. 1, 7 and 14 days after reactivation, rats were returned to the context for 5 minutes. Seconds of freezing (absence of all movement except respiration) were scored. In the second experiment (described in the previous paragraph), after test 1, animals were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital and perfused transcardially with phosphate buffer (10 minutes) and 4% paraformaldehyde (15 minutes). The brains were postfixed in phosphate-buffered 4% paraformaldehyde (24 hours) and 30% sucrose. 10-μm sections were stained with cresyl violet. Data were analyzed by 1-and 2-way ANOVA for repeated measurements by means of SPSS 16.0. Tukey's post hoc test was performed to determine the source of detected significant differences. P <0.05 were considered significant. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. Results: Findings from the first experiment indicated that ethanol at a dose of 1.5 mg/kg significantly impaired recall of memory only in the first test. The density of CA1 and CA3 pyramidal and DG granule cells in the ethanol group was decreased (p< 0.01) compared with control group respectively 43.7%, 35.8%, and 37.8. Conclusion: The data demonstrate that ethanol exposure impairs post retrieval processes. Moreover, ethanol decreases the density of CA1, CA3 and DG cells. Presumably it would be a correlation between our behavioral and histological results.


AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Conditioning; Ethanol; Hippocampus; Reconsolidation
INDEX KEYWORDS: alcohol; paraformaldehyde; pentobarbital; phosphate buffered saline, analysis of variance; animal cell; animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; article; behavior; clinical examination; conditioning; controlled study; dentate gyrus; experimental study; fear; granule cell; hippocampal CA1 region; hippocampal CA3 region; histology; male; medical research; memory; nonhuman; perfusion; rat

Alijan-Pour, J., Abrari, K., Bluki, T.L., Ghorbanian, M.T., Goudarzi, I., Salmani, M.E., Mirshekar, M. Acute ethanol administration affects memory reactivation: A look at the neuronal density and apoptosis in the rat hippocampus (2012) Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 102 (2), pp. 321-328.

DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2012.04.008

This study is an attempt to examine whether administration of ethanol after memory reactivation will modulate expression of memory in rats or not. We further examined whether this administration alters the number of tunnel positive cells in hippocampus. Adult male Wistar rats were trained in a fear conditioning system using two 1 s , 0.6 mA shock with an interval of 180 s. 24 h later the rats were returned to the chamber for reactivation, and then they were injected with ethanol (0.5, 1, 1.5 mg/kg) or saline, ip. Again, one, seven and fourteen days after reactivation, the rats were returned to the context for 5 min. The freezing time (absence of all movements except respiration) was scored in seconds. In the second experiment, after test 1, the animals were anesthetized and a transcardial perfuse with phosphate buffer and paraformaldehyde 4% was conducted. After post-fixation of brains 5-μm sections were stained with cresyl violet. Finally, paraffin-embedded sections of 10 μm were cut out throughout the tissue and each sample was processed with TUNEL. The number of apoptotic cells in a 130 μm-long segment of the hippocampal CA1 and CA3 fields and dentate gyrus was counted. The data demonstrate that ethanol exposure impairs post retrieval processes. Rats receiving ethanol (1.5 mg/kg) showed lower freezing levels during the first test. Moreover, ethanol decreases the density of CA1, CA3 and DG cells and increases the density of apoptotic cells in all regions of hippocampus. Therefore, ethanol exposure impairs reconsolidation of contextual fear conditioning probably via decreasing the density of CA1, CA3 and DG cells. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Contextual fear conditioning; Ethanol; Hippocampus; Reconsolidation
INDEX KEYWORDS: alcohol; paraformaldehyde; phosphate buffered saline, acute drug administration; animal cell; animal experiment; animal tissue; apoptosis; article; cell density; controlled study; dentate gyrus; drug effect; freezing; hippocampal CA1 region; hippocampal CA3 region; hippocampus; male; memory; nerve cell; nick end labeling; nonhuman; priority journal; rat; tissue fixation; tissue section, Animals; Apoptosis; Behavior, Animal; Ethanol; Hippocampus; Male; Memory; Neurons; Rats; Rats, Wistar, Animalia; Rattus; Rattus norvegicus

Ramezani, A., Goudarzi, I., Lashkarboluki, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Abrari, K., Salmani, M.E. Role of oxidative stress in ethanol-induced neurotoxicity in the developing cerebellum (2012) Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 15 (4), pp. 965-974.

Objective(s): The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of oxidative stress in Purkinje cell neurotoxicity of ethanol-treated rat. Materials and Methods: Male rat pups 4-day-old was used in this study. Ethanol was administered to rat pups at a dose of 6 g/kg from postnatal days (PDs) 4 to 5. Pups were killed 90 min after the second alcohol treatment on PD 5 by decapitation and the brain was immediately removed. The cerebellum was dissected for analyzing the oxidative stress parameters and histological study. The activities of several antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in vermis of cerebellum were assayed. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels were also measured as a marker of lipid peroxidation. Results: Administration of ethanol significantly increased TBARS levels in the cerebellum compared to control pups (P< 0.01). The treated pups with ethanol exhibited a marked decrease in the GPx activity (P< 0.01) whereas, in spite of decrease in the activities of SOD and CAT, when compared to control, there were not significant differences. The spherical cell bodies of Purkinje cells in control rats are aligned nicely between the granular and molecular layers. In ethanol treated pups, Purkinje cells scattered within the Purkinje cell layer and shrinkage of the cell somata is seen. Conclusion: The results of the present work demonstrated that ethanol exposure during the vulnerable window could increase TBARS levels (lipid peroxidation) and decrease GPx levels in pup's cerebellum. Also, the results confirmed ethanol-induced microencephaly, cerebellar Purkinje cell loss. These findings suggest that Purkinje cell loss is, in part through decrease in the activity of GPx and increase of lipid peroxidation in the rat cerebellum.


AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Cerebellum; Ethanol; Oxidative stress; Purkinje cell; Rat
INDEX KEYWORDS: alcohol; catalase; glutathione peroxidase; superoxide dismutase; thiobarbituric acid reactive substance, animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; antioxidant activity; article; brain development; cerebellum vermis; controlled study; enzyme activity; histopathology; lipid peroxidation; male; microcephaly; neurotoxicity; newborn; nonhuman; oxidative stress; Purkinje cell; rat, Rattus

Kashani, M.H.G., Tiraihi, T., Ghorbanian, M.T. Transdifferentiation of bone marrow stromal cells into tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive cells associated with angiogenesis in Parkinsonian rats (2011) Yakhteh, 12 (4), pp. 517-524.

Objective: This study is an attempt to examine the transdifferentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) into tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive cells in parkinsonian rats associated with angiogenesis. Materials and Methods: In this study, Sprague-Dawley rats received unilateral stereotaxic injections of 6-hydroxydopamine(6-OHDA) into the left corpus striatum and then were divided into two groups. One group, the negative control, received only medium while the other group was treated with BMSCs. BMSCs were harvested from femur bones, labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and then transplanted into parkinsonian rats, where a behavioral study and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate the treatment. Results: The results showed statistically significant improvement in rotational behavior. Anti-BrdU antibody showed engraftment of the transplanted cells at the transplantation site. Additionally, double immunolabeling confirmed that these cells were positive for neurofilament-200 and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). Conclusion: It may be concluded that BMSCs transplants could engraft and differentiate into TH immunoreactive cells which may cause recovery from motor deficits. Also, BMSCs may contribute to angiogenesis at the transplantation site.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Bone marrow stromal cells; Cell therapy; Parkinson's disease; Stem cell
INDEX KEYWORDS: broxuridine; oxidopamine; tyrosine 3 monooxygenase, angiogenesis; animal cell; animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; antibody labeling; article; bone marrow cell; cell transdifferentiation; cell transplantation; controlled study; corpus striatum; femur; immunohistochemistry; immunoreactivity; male; mouse; neurofilament; nonhuman; parkinsonism; phenotype; rotation; stroma cell

Ramezani, A., Goudarzi, I., Lashkarbolouki, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Elahdadi Salmani, M., Abrari, K. Neuroprotective effects of the 17β-estradiol against ethanol-induced neurotoxicity and oxidative stress in the developing male rat cerebellum: Biochemical, histological and behavioral changes (2011) Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 100 (1), pp. 144-151.

DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2011.07.010

During particular periods of central nervous system (CNS) development, exposure to ethanol can decrease regional brain growth and can result in selective loss of neurons. Unfortunately, there are few effective means of attenuating damage in the immature brain. In this study, the possible antioxidant and neuroprotective properties of 17β-estradiol against ethanol-induced neurotoxicity was investigated. 17β-estradiol (600 μg/kg) was injected subcutaneously in postnatal day (PD) 4 and 5, 30 min prior to intraperitoneal injection of ethanol (6 g/kg) in rat pups. Ninety minutes after injection of ethanol, the activities of several antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) in vermis of cerebellum were assayed. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels were also measured as a marker of lipid peroxidation. Behavioral studies, including rotarod and locomotor activity tests were performed in PD 21-23 and histological study was performed after completion of behavioral measurements in postnatal day 23. The results of the present work demonstrated that ethanol could induce lipid peroxidation, increase TBARS levels and decrease glutathione peroxidase levels in pup cerebellum. We also observed that ethanol impaired performance on the rotarod and locomotor activities of rat pups. However, treatment with 17β-estradiol significantly attenuated motoric impairment, the lipid peroxidation process and restored the levels of antioxidants. Histological analysis also indicated that ethanol could decrease vermis Purkinje cell count and 17β-estradiol prevented this toxic effect. These results suggest that ethanol may induce lipid peroxidation in the rat pups cerebellum while treatment with 17β-estradiol improves motor deficits by protecting the cerebellum against ethanol toxicity. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: 17β-estradiol; Ethanol; Lipid peroxidation; Oxidative stress; Purkinje cell; Rat pups
INDEX KEYWORDS: alcohol; catalase; estradiol; glutathione peroxidase; superoxide dismutase; thiobarbituric acid reactive substance, animal experiment; antioxidant activity; article; behavior change; biochemistry; brain development; cerebellum; cerebellum vermis; controlled study; female; histology; locomotion; male; neuroprotection; neurotoxicity; nonhuman; oxidative stress; perinatal period; priority journal; Purkinje cell; rat; rotarod test; task performance, Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cerebellum; Estradiol; Ethanol; Male; Motor Activity; Motor Skills Disorders; Neuroprotective Agents; Oxidative Stress; Rats; Rats, Wistar, Rattus

Kashani, M.H.G., Tiraihi, T., Ghorbanian, M.T., Abrari, K. In vitro expression of BDNF, GDNF, NGF, NT3 and NT4/5 genes in selegiline induced bone marrow stromal cells (2010) Yakhteh, 11 (4), pp. 400-407.

Objective: Two types of stem cells are found in the bone marrow: hematopoietic stem cells and marrow stromal cells (MSCs). Is it possible to induce the differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells into neural cells in vitro and subsequently transplant them into the brain? This might help repair neural lesions observed in some neurodegenerative diso ders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Materials and Methods: In this study, cultured MSCs were incubated in serum free medium containing 10-8 M selegiline for 24 hours and cells were cultured for another 48 hours in áminimal essential medium (α-MEM) containing 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Then selegiline-treated cells were immunostained for neuronal markers such as NF-200 and TH. Results: Cell counting results showed that Selegiline at doses of 10-8, 10-7 and 10-8 M increased the mean percent of viable cells. The most effective dose of Selegiline for diferentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) was 10-8 M. Molecular studies indcated that the expression of BDNF, GDNF, NGF, NT3, and NT4/5 genes were increased in Selegiline-treated cells compared to non-treated group. Conclusion: BMSCs can be directed to a neural fate in vitro and can be considered as a cell source in neurological disorders for autograft therapy.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Bone marrow stromal cells; Neurotrophic factors; Selegiline
INDEX KEYWORDS: azacitidine; brain derived neurotrophic factor; cell marker; epidermal growth factor; glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor; glial fibrillary acidic protein; microtubule associated protein 1; nerve growth factor; neuron specific nuclear protein; neurotrophin 3; neurotrophin 4; selegiline; selenium; transferrin; vimentin, article; autograft; bone marrow cell; cell count; cell culture; cell differentiation; cell fate; cell transdifferentiation; cell viability; colony forming unit; controlled study; culture medium; dose response; gene expression; immunohistochemistry; in vitro study; incubation time; mesenchymal stem cell; molecular mechanics; nerve cell lesion; nerve cell plasticity; neurofilament; neurologic disease; nonhuman; stroma cell

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