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Arezou Rezaei

Assistant Professor of Biochemistry

Teaching

  • Biochemistry
  • Advanced Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry of Lipid & Carbohydrates

Selected Publications

Nakhaeifard, M., Kashani, M.H.G., Goudarzi, I., Rezaei, A. Conditioned medium protects dopaminergic neurons in Parkinsonian rats (2018) Cell Journal, 20 (3), pp. 348-354.

DOI: 10.22074/cellj.2018.5343

Objective: Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) secrete numerous neurotrophic factors and cytokines in conditioned medium (CM), which protect neurons by its antioxidative and trophic effects. This research assesses the neuroprotective effect of ASCCM on neurotrophins genes expressions and tyrosine hydroxylase positive (TH+) cell density in Male Wistar rats lesioned by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the groups consisted of lesioned and sham rats with unilateral injections of 20 μg of 6-OHDA neurotoxin and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) into the striatum, respectively. Another groups received intravenous injections of 3×106 cells (ASCs group), 500 μl of CM (ASC-CM group) or medium [α-minimal essential medium (α-MEM) group)]. All rats underwent evaluations with the rotarod and apomorphine-induced rotation tests at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks post-injection. At 8 weeks we sacrificed some of the animals for real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, and evaluation of TH+ cell counts. Results: We observed a significant decrease in contralateral turns to the lesions in the ASCs and ASC-CM groups compared to the neurotoxin lesioned or α-MEM groups at 8 weeks post transplantation. Cell and CM- injected rats showed a significant increase of staying on the rotarod compared to the lesion or α-MEM groups. Cell and CM-treated rats showed significant increases in the NGF and NT3 genes, respectively, compared with the lesion group. Both treated groups showed significant increases in BDNF gene expression and TH+ cell density. Conclusion: The results suggested that ASCs and ASC-CM protected dopaminergic neurons through the expressions of neurotrophin genes. © 2018 Royan Institute (ACECR). All rights reserved.

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: Conditioned Medium; Dopaminergic Neurons; Parkinson's Disease
INDEX KEYWORDS: brain derived neurotrophic factor; neurotrophin; tyrosine 3 monooxygenase, adipose derived stem cell; adult; animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; Article; BDNF gene; cell density; cell protection; circling behavior; clinical effectiveness; controlled study; dopaminergic nerve cell; gene; gene expression; male; motor coordination; neuroprotection; NGF gene; nonhuman; NT3 gene; outcome assessment; parkinsonism; rat; real time polymerase chain reaction; rotarod test; stem cell transplantation; substantia nigra
PUBLISHER: Royan Institute (ACECR)

Bagherpour Zarchi, M., Divsalar, A., Abrari, K., Rezaei, A. Multiple spectroscopic studies of the interaction between a quaternary ammonium-based cationic Gemini surfactant (as a carrier) and human erythropoietin (2017) Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, pp. 1-8. Article in Press.

DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2017.1391123

Erythropoietin (EPO) is a hematopoietic growth factor. This substance, as a strong cell protector, can increase cell maintenance during different damages of central nervous system. Since the brain-blood barrier prevents the entrance of large proteins similar to EPO into the brain, its systemic delivery gets limited. The aim of this study was to find an alternative approach for EPO delivery into the brain to skip the blood-brain barrier prevention. So, a new quaternary ammonium-based cationic Gemini surfactant has been used to study the interaction of the cationic Gemini surfactant (as a carrier) with EPO using various spectroscopic techniques of (fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD)) and thermal denaturation. Fluorescence spectroscopy studies show the formation of Gemini-EPO complex and also static quenching of protein upon this interaction. The binding parameters of number of binding sites, binding affinity, Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy were calculated according to fluorescence quenching studies. Also, CD results have further represented that the content of regular secondary structure of EPO did not show any significant alterations by increasing the Gemini concentration. Finally, thermal denaturation behavior of EPO results indicates decreasing the thermal stability of protein in the presence of Gemini. In conclusion, the obtained results proposed that Gemini as a cationic surfactant can bind to EPO without any significant diverse effects on the structure of this drug (EPO) which can be considered as a candidate for EPO delivery in future. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

AUTHOR KEYWORDS: blood-brain barrier; erythropoietin; fluorescence spectroscopy; Gemini; thermal denaturation
PUBLISHER: Taylor and Francis Ltd.

Rezaei, A., Farzadfard, A., Amirahmadi, A., Alemi, M., Khademi, M. Diabetes mellitus and its management with medicinal plants: A perspective based on Iranian research (2015) Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 175, pp. 567-616.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.08.010

Ethnopharmacological relevance Complementary and alternative medicine has been increasingly used to treat chronic illnesses, such as diabetes mellitus. However, various limitations in terms of their application and efficacies exist. Furthermore, there is still much to be done to discover the right herbal medicine for diabetes. Aim of the study This paper aims to evaluate previous herbal studies on the management of diabetes mellitus, to address their strengths and weaknesses and propose a general framework for future studies. Approach and methods Data sources such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SpringerLink, and Wiley were searched, limited to Iran, using 36 search terms such as herbal, traditional, medicine, and phytopharmacy in combination with diabetes and related complications. Reviewed articles were evaluated regarding the use of botanical nomenclature and included information on (1) identity of plants and plant parts used, (2) the processing procedure, and (3) the extraction process. The main outcomes were extracted and then surveyed in terms of the efficacies of herbs in the management of diabetes mellitus. Then a comparative study was performed between Iranian and non-Iranian studies with respect to herbs best studied in Iran. Results Of the 82 herbs studied in Iran, only six herbs were endemic and 19 were studied in detail. Although most of the reviewed herbs were found to decrease the level of blood glucose (BG) and/or glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) in both Iranian and non-Iranian studies, information on their pharmacological mechanisms is scarce. However, the level of HbA1C was measured in a limited number of clinical trials or animal studies. Available information on both short- and long-term use of studied herbs on diabetes related complications and functions of involved organs as well as comorbid depression and/or simultaneous changes in lifesyle is also insufficient. Furthermore, little or no information on their phytochemical, toxicological, and herb-drug interaction properties is available. It is worth noting that the efficacy of the reviewed herbs has been studied scarcely in both humans and animals regarding both Iranian and non-Iranian studies. A